JRSA Forum, September 2013, Volume 31, Number 3
September 2013  Vol. 31, No. 3



Consent Decrees and Juvenile Corrections in Arizona: What Happens When Oversight Ends

NICS: Challenges to Mental Health Record Sharing and Recent Congressional Activity


JRSA Hosts Track of Sessions at National Forum

JRSA and NCJA Announce Formal Affiliation


New SAC Directors Appointed in Maine and New Mexico

AK - AJSAC Reports on Varied Activities

AZ - SAC and State Partners Honored for Work on Prescription Drug Abuse

IL - Offers New Criminal History and Recidivism Tool and Evaluates Adult Redeploy Program

IA - CJJP Collects School Incident Referral Data to Examine Problem Behaviors

MS - MSSAC Studies Court Attitudes Toward Defendants with Mental Illness

NY - SAC Provides Data Support to Youth Justice Teams

OH - New Research Brief Looks at MJTFs, ARDs, and Victim Recantation

SC - SAC Publishes Studies on Linking Criminal Justice Records, Drug Activity, and Domestic and Sexual Violence

WV - SAC Works With Law Enforcement to Study the Impact of Drug Market Intervention in Charleston & Studies Ways to Improve NIBRS Data

The JRSA Forum is supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. JRSA is a national nonprofit organization. For membership or other information, call (202) 842-9330, e-mail cjinfo@jrsa.org, or visit our Web site: http://www.jrsa.org.

Karen F. Maline, Editor
Nancy Michel, Managing Editor


Phillip Stevenson, President
Stephen Haas, Vice President
Janeena J. Wing, Secretary/ Treasurer
Lisa Shoaf, Delegate
David Olson, Appointed Delegate
Jackie Vandercook, Past President

Joan C. Weiss, Executive Director

Sandra Dayton, Director of Finance and Administration
Shawn Flower, Research Associate
Karen F. Maline, Director of Member Services
Nancy Michel, Director of Publications
Stan Orchowsky, Research Director
Jason Trask, Program Associate
Lisa Walbolt Wagner, Research Associate
Carrie Williamson, Research Associate

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CJJP Collects School Incident Referral Data to Examine Problem Behaviors

The Iowa Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning, the state SAC, collected incident referral data from metropolitan area schools in an effort to examine problem behaviors, especially among youth being removed from the classroom. For purposes of this project, incidents referred to a documented occurrence of some type of problem behavior by a student occurring within the school setting.

There were a total of nearly 97,000 incidents reported, involving 16,200 students across four metropolitan school districts. The incident referral rate for Caucasian students was 25.7 per 100 enrolled, while the referral rate for African-American students was 52.3 per 100 enrolled. Further analysis indicated that minority students were not only referred more often for incidents of a subjective nature than white students, but they also were more often removed from school as a result of these referrals. While minorities comprised 44% of the population of referred students, 62% of all removals for "disruptive behavior" involved minority students, and this percentage was even higher (65%) for minority females. Furthermore, 63% of all the removals for disruptive behavior resulting in out-of-school suspensions involved minority students.

While disruptive behavior was the leading reason for removal for all students, Caucasian youth had a greater tendency than minority youth to be removed for less subjective reasons such as possession of tobacco, alcohol, drugs, or weapons. While initially data were collected only from the high schools, a subsequent review of referral data from all school levels indicated that some of the most racially disproportionate referrals and sanctions were occurring at the elementary school level.

The data provided for this project were from the 2010-2011 school year. The SAC will continue to request data from the schools at the completion of each school year and will report accordingly. For more information about the project, contact Kile Beisner at Kile.Beisner@iowa.gov.